Reading and Resources

Dietrichs E, et al. Algorithms for the treatment of motor problems in Parkinson’s disease. Acta Neurol Scand. 2017;136:378–385.

Dorsey ER, et al. Projected number of people with Parkinson disease in the most populous nations, 2005 through 2030. Neurology. 2007;68:384-386.

Espay AJ. Management of motor complications in Parkinson disease: current and emerging therapies. Neurol Clin. 2010;28:913-925.

Espay AJ et al. Optimizing extended-release carbidopa/levodopa in Parkinson disease: Consensus on conversion from standard therapy. Neurol Clin Pract. 2017;7:86-93.

Fasano A, et al. Gastrointestinal dysfunction in Parkinson’s disease. Lancet Neurol. 2015;14:625‐639.

Kalia LV, Lang AE. Parkinson’s disease. Lancet. 2015;386:896-912.

Krishnan S, et al. Do nonmotor symptoms in Parkinson’s disease differ from normal aging? Mov Disord. 2011;26:2110-2113.

Marrinan S, et al. Delayed gastric emptying in Parkinson’s disease. Mov Disord. 2014;29:23‐32.

Müller T. Safinamide: an add-on treatment for managing Parkinson’s disease. Clin Pharmacol. 2018;10:31-41.

Nyholm D, et al. Pharmacokinetics of levodopa, carbidopa, and 3-O-methyldopa following 16-hour jejunal infusion of levodopa-carbidopa intestinal gel in advanced Parkinson’s disease patients. AAPS J. 2013;15:316-323.

Olanow CW, et al. Continuous intrajejunal infusion of levodopa-carbidopa intestinal gel for patients with advanced Parkinson’s disease: a randomised, controlled, double-blind, double-dummy study. Lancet Neurol. 2014;13:141-149.

Pahwa R, et al. Amantadine extended release for levodopa-induced dyskinesia in Parkinson’s disease (EASED Study). Mov Disord. 2015;30:788-795.

Pedersen SW, et al. Practical Guidance on How to Handle Levodopa/Carbidopa Intestinal Gel Therapy of Advanced PD in a Movement Disorder Clinic. Open Neurol J. 2012;6:37-50.

Politis M, et al. Parkinson’s disease symptoms: the patient’s perspective. Mov Disord. 2010;25:1646-1651.

Societies and Associations



American Academy of Neurology

American Parkinson Disease Association

Michael J. Fox Foundation

Parkinson Alliance

Parkinson’s Foundation


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Patient Toolkit

The THRIVE Patient Toolkit is a resource center for patients who received diagnosis of or who are interested in learning about Parkinson’s disease. Choose from the options below to learn more.

Clinical Toolkit

The THRIVE Clinical Toolkit is an online tool that aims to provide clinicians up-to-date information on the presentation, prognosis, pathophysiology, and treatment strategies for Parkinson’s disease. Click on one of the options below to learn more about PD.

This activity is supported by an independent medical education grant from AbbVie.

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